Citizen Weather Observer Program  /  NASA-News



Das Citizen Weather Observer Program (CWOP) ermöglicht es Betreibern von automatischen Wetterstationen, ihre Messwerte über Funk oder das Internet an das US-amerikanische Mesonet zu übertragen. Diese Daten werden in weitere Folge aufbereitet und sowohl von der National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) genützt und stehen ebenso für jedermann frei zugänglich über das Internet zur Verfügung.

 

Diese Anwendung ist sowohl für Funkamateure mit dem eigenen Rufzeichen als auch für Nichtlizensierte nach erfolgreicher Registrierung mit zugeteilter Kennung möglich.

 

Die Registrierung zur Erlangung der erforderlichen individuellen Kennung erfolgt über die

Citizen Weather Program Registration.

 

Das Format für die im APRSWXNET übertragenen Daten beruht auf der APRS-Spezifikation, wobei die Werte in direkt lesbarer Form, jedoch im angloamerikanischen Maßsystem vorliegen.

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Daten, welche über dieses System übertragen werden, enthalten Datensätze, welche an nachstehendem Beispiel  erklärt werden:

 

DW1234>APRS,TCPXX*,qAX,CWOP1:@

040822z4924.23N/00843.63E_211/011g014t033r000P000p000h99b10142.PCWS2.93.17E31


Abschnitt

 

Enthaltene Daten

 

DW1234 CWOP-Kennung oder Amateurfunkrufzeichen der Wetterstation
APRS,TCPXX*,qAX,CWOP-1:@ APRS-spezifische Angaben zu Datenpfad (hier: APRS via TCP/IP) und -darstellung
040822z Zeitstempel der Messung (Format: HHMMSS, bezogen auf Zulu-Zeit)
4924.23N/00843.63E Standort der Wetterstation (WGS-84-Koordinaten)
_211/011 Windrichtung in Grad und Windgeschwindigkeit (in mph)
g014 Windgeschwindigkeit in Böen (in mph)
t033 Lufttemperatur in °Fahrenheit
r000 Niederschlagsmenge in der letzten Stunde (in 1/100 Zoll)
P000 Niederschlagsmenge seit Mitternacht (in 1/100 Zoll)
p000 Niederschlagsmenge in den letzten 24 Stunden (in 1/100 Zoll)
h99 relative Luftfeuchtigkeit (in Prozent)
b10142 Luftdruck (in 1/10 Hektopascal)
.PCWS2.93.17E31 Angaben zur eingesetzten Technik und/oder Software (hier: "PC Wetterstation v2.93")
 © wikipedia


Für die Datenerfassung  von der eigenen Wetterstation am PC mit implementierten Möglichkeiten, diese Wetterdaten sowohl in das APRS-Netz als auch an weitere oder andere Plattformen nahezu in Echtzeit zu übertragen, eignet sich die kostenfreie Software CUMULUS besonders gut.

 

Zudem werden bei CUMULUS zahlreiche verschiedene Typen von Wetterstationen unterstützt. Die Verbindung einer Wetterstation zum PC erfolgt über eine serielle oder USB-Schnittstelle.



Download
Cumulus Weather Station Software
Cumulus Weather Station Software - kostenfreie Software für zahlreiche Wetterstationen und Anwendungen
CumulusSetup.exe
exe File 4.5 MB


Speziell für die Übertragung in das APRS-Netz sowie zu der Wetterplattform Weatherunderground sind auch Ethernet-Interfaces verfügbar, welche die Wetterdatenübertragung ohne PC durchführen.

 

Erforderlich ist meist ein LAN-Anschluss sowie eine RS-232-Verbindung (serielle Schnittstelle) zur Wetterstation (z.B. Peet Bros Ultimeter, WS 2300, WS 2307, WS 2350).

 

Ein Beispiel für ein solches Interface ist das WXEth 2.0 von Microsat:




Download von Konfigurationsanleitungen für geeignete Programme für CWOP:


Download
CUMULUS (Englisch)
Cumulus.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 629.2 KB
Download
DAVIS WEATHERLINK (Englisch)
Davis.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 730.9 KB
Download
HEAVY WEATHER (Deutsch)
hw.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 1.4 MB
Download
VIRTUAL WEATHER STATION (Englisch)
VWS.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 565.4 KB
Download
WxDISPLAY (Englisch)
WDis.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 799.2 KB


 

NASA - Bild des Tages von verschiedenen Missionen:



NASA Image of the Day

Helen Ling, Changemaker (Fr, 24 Mai 2024)
Helen Ling was a supervisor for the computing group at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the 1960s. She was influential in the inclusion of women in STEM positions at JPL. Ling encouraged women within the computing group to attend night school in order to obtain degrees that would allow them more professional opportunities within JPL. A pioneer for women's rights in the workplace, Helen Ling was so admired in the computing group that those who worked under her lovingly referred to themselves as "Helen's girls." Many of them went on to become computer scientists and engineers within JPL thanks to the mentorship and guidance of Helen Ling.
>> mehr lesen

A Moonlit Moonwalk (Thu, 23 May 2024)
NASA astronaut Kate Rubins places a sample marker in the soil before collecting a sample during a nighttime simulated moonwalk in the San Francisco Volcanic Field in Northern Arizona on May 16, 2024. A sample marker provides a photographic reference point for science samples collected on the lunar surface.
>> mehr lesen

Modeling the Hawaiian Shoreline (Wed, 22 May 2024)
Present-day Island of Hawai'i coastal flood risk, with higher risk indicated in dark blue, was modeled to help the County of Hawai'i in their shoreline setback plan. Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly data from 2022 Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) indicate low temperatures in the East (red) to high in the West (orange). Inland, high probability locations of wetlands are shown in bright yellow and could aid in climate adaptation planning.
>> mehr lesen

Readying Apollo 10 for Launch (Mon, 20 May 2024)
Nighttime, ground-level view of the Apollo 10 space vehicle on Pad B, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center. This photograph of the 363-feet tall Apollo/Saturn V stack was taken during pull back of the mobile service structure. The Apollo 10 crew was astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, John W. Young, and Eugene A. Cernan.
>> mehr lesen

Hubble Views the Dawn of a Sun-like Star (Fri, 17 May 2024)
This NASA Hubble Space Telescope image captures a triple-star star system.
>> mehr lesen

Space Physics and Space Weather Scientist Dr. Yihua (Eva) Zheng (Thu, 16 May 2024)
"For the girls or women in science — or in any profession or job — opportunities are more abundant than they were previously. Sometimes you need to take bold steps. Just a little push, and then you will get there." — Dr. Yihua (Eva) Zheng, Space Physics and Space Weather Scientist, Heliophysics Science Division, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
>> mehr lesen

Good Night, Moon (Wed, 15 May 2024)
An illuminated waning gibbous moon contrasts the deep black of space as the International Space Station soared 270 miles over the Southern Ocean.
>> mehr lesen

Aurora over Idaho (Mon, 13 May 2024)
The aurora turns the sky near Malad City, Idaho, red, purple, and green in this 8-second exposure taken on May 11, 2024.
>> mehr lesen

That's Refreshing (Fri, 10 May 2024)
An American Flamingo takes a sip of water in the Indian River at Haulover Canal on Merritt Island on Thursday, Jan. 11, 2024. The American Flamingos are more common in Mexico and Cuba but the winds from Hurricane Idalia relocated them to Florida in September 2023. Kennedy Space Center in Florida shares a border with the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge where more than 310 species of birds inhabit the refuge.
>> mehr lesen

Spitzer Space Telescope Captures Galactic Snack (Thu, 09 May 2024)
This image of the Andromeda galaxy uses data from NASA’s retired Spitzer Space Telescope. Multiple wavelengths are shown, revealing stars (in blue and cyan), dust (red), and areas of star formation.
>> mehr lesen

Sulaiman Mountain Haze (Wed, 08 May 2024)
An astronaut aboard the International Space Station took this oblique photograph of the Sulaiman Mountains in central Pakistan. The range resulted from the slow-motion collision of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates that began about 60 million years ago. Peaks rise to more than 3,000 meters (10,000 feet) above sea level in the northern portion of the mountain range, shown in this photograph.
>> mehr lesen

Jupiter’s Great Red Spot (Tue, 07 May 2024)
This image of Jupiter’s iconic Great Red Spot and surrounding turbulent zones was captured by NASA’s Juno spacecraft. The color-enhanced image is a combination of three separate images taken on April 1, 2018, as Juno performed its 12th close flyby of Jupiter. At the time the images were taken, the spacecraft was 15,379 miles (24,749 kilometers) to 30,633 miles (49,299 kilometers) from the tops of the clouds of the planet.
>> mehr lesen

Astronaut Suni Williams Prepares for Crew Flight Test (Mon, 06 May 2024)
During a mission dress rehearsal, NASA’s Boeing Crew Flight Test astronaut Suni Williams flashes a thumbs up in her Boeing spacesuit inside the crew suit-up room inside the Neil A. Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Friday, April 26, 2024. As part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Program, Williams and fellow NASA astronaut Butch Wilmore are the first to launch to the International Space Station aboard Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft. Liftoff atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-41 at nearby Cape Canaveral Space Force Station is scheduled for 10:34 p.m. ET Monday, May 6.
>> mehr lesen

A Moonlit Trio (Fri, 03 May 2024)
The Moon, left, Jupiter, right, and Saturn, above and to the left of Jupiter, are seen after sunset with the Washington Monument, Thurs. Dec. 17, 2020, in Washington. The two planets drew closer to each other in the sky as they headed towards a “great conjunction” on Dec. 21, where the two giant planets appeared a tenth of a degree apart.
>> mehr lesen

Galaxy Evolution Explorer Searches for Light (Thu, 02 May 2024)
NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer was launched on April 28, 2003. Its mission was to study the shape, brightness, size and distance of galaxies across 10 billion years of cosmic history.
>> mehr lesen

By Their Powers Combined (Wed, 01 May 2024)
In a historic first, all six radio frequency antennas at the Madrid Deep Space Communication Complex – part of NASA's Deep Space Network (DSN) – carried out a test to receive data from the agency's Voyager 1 spacecraft at the same time on April 20, 2024. Known as "arraying," combining the receiving power of several antennas allows the DSN to collect the very faint signals from faraway spacecraft. A five-antenna array is currently needed to downlink science data from the spacecraft's Plasma Wave System instrument. As Voyager gets further way, six antennas will be needed.
>> mehr lesen

International Space Station Program Manager Dana Weigel (Tue, 30 Apr 2024)
"What you eventually realize is that your success as a leader is not really yours, it’s the team’s. You’re not successful without the team, so it’s your ability to support, motivate, and guide the team that allows us to accomplish amazing things." — Dana Weigel, International Space Station Program Manager, NASA’s Johnson Space Center
>> mehr lesen

The Horse’s Mane (Mon, 29 Apr 2024)
Rising from turbulent waves of dust and gas is the Horsehead Nebula, otherwise known as Barnard 33, which resides roughly 1,300 light-years away. The NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope has captured the sharpest infrared images to date of one of the most distinctive objects in our skies, the Horsehead Nebula. Webb’s new view focuses on the illuminated edge of the top of the nebula’s distinctive dust and gas structure.
>> mehr lesen

Hubble Spots a Magnificent Barred Galaxy (Fri, 26 Apr 2024)
The magnificent central bar of NGC 2217 (also known as AM 0619-271) shines bright in the constellation of Canis Major (The Greater Dog), in this image taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Roughly 65 million light-years from Earth, this barred spiral galaxy is a similar size to our Milky Way at 100,000 light-years across.
>> mehr lesen

Navigating the Moon with Art (Thu, 25 Apr 2024)
Artists used paintbrushes and airbrushes to recreate the lunar surface on each of the four models comprising the LOLA simulator. Project LOLA or Lunar Orbit and Landing Approach was a simulator built at Langley to study problems related to landing on the lunar surface.
>> mehr lesen

Tracking Spring Flooding (Wed, 24 Apr 2024)
Rivers swelled in southern Russia and northern Kazakhstan in April 2024 following heavy rain and rapid snowmelt. This image shows Orenburg on April 13, the day river levels peaked. This scene was acquired by the OLI-2 (Operational Land Imager) on Landsat 9.
>> mehr lesen

Hubble Spots the Little Dumbbell Nebula (Tue, 23 Apr 2024)
In celebration of the 34th anniversary of the launch of NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers took a snapshot of the Little Dumbbell Nebula, also known as Messier 76, or M76, located 3,400 light-years away in the northern circumpolar constellation Perseus. The name 'Little Dumbbell' comes from its shape that is a two-lobed structure of colorful, mottled, glowing gases resembling a balloon that’s been pinched around a middle waist. Like an inflating balloon, the lobes are expanding into space from a dying star seen as a white dot in the center. Blistering ultraviolet radiation from the super-hot star is causing the gases to glow. The red color is from nitrogen, and blue is from oxygen.
>> mehr lesen

Our Beautiful Water World (Mon, 22 Apr 2024)
Behold one of the more detailed images of Earth. This Blue Marble Earth montage—created from photographs taken by the Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard the Suomi NPP satellite—shows many stunning details of our home planet.
>> mehr lesen

Looking Beyond the Veil (Fri, 19 Apr 2024)
This image from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope’s NIRCam (Near-Infrared Camera) of star-forming region NGC 604 shows how stellar winds from bright, hot young stars carve out cavities in surrounding gas and dust.
>> mehr lesen

Water Touches Everything (Thu, 18 Apr 2024)
The ocean holds about 97 percent of Earth's water and covers 70 percent of our planet's surface. According to the United Nations, the ocean may be home to 50 to 80 percent of all life on Earth. Even if you live hundreds of miles from a coast, what happens in the ocean is fundamental to your life.
>> mehr lesen

Sometimes Getting the Perfect Picture Really Is Rocket Science (Wed, 17 Apr 2024)
NASA Engineer Cindy Fuentes Rosal waves goodbye to a Black Brant IX sounding rocket launching from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia during the total solar eclipse on April 8, 2024. The rocket was part of a series of three launches for the Atmospheric Perturbations around Eclipse Path (APEP) mission to study the disturbances in the electrified region of Earth’s atmosphere known as the ionosphere created when the Moon eclipses the Sun. The rockets launched before, during, and after peak local eclipse time on the Eastern Shore of Virginia.
>> mehr lesen

NASA’s VIPER Gets Its Head and Neck (Tue, 16 Apr 2024)
A team of engineers lifts the mast into place atop of NASA’s VIPER robotic Moon rover in a clean room at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.
>> mehr lesen

Seeing the Solar Eclipse from 223,000 Miles Away (Mon, 15 Apr 2024)
This spectacular image showing the Moon’s shadow on Earth’s surface was acquired during a 20-second period starting at 2:59 p.m. EDT (18:59:19 UTC) on April 8, 2024, by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.
>> mehr lesen

The First Space Shuttle (Fri, 12 Apr 2024)
The new era in space flight began on April 12, 1981. That is when the first Space Shuttle mission (STS-1) was launched. The Marshall Space Flight Center developed the propulsion system for the Space Shuttle. This photograph depicts the launch of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Columbia crewed with two astronauts, John Young and Robert Crippen.
>> mehr lesen

Seeing Totality (Tue, 09 Apr 2024)
A total solar eclipse is seen in Dallas, Texas on Monday, April 8, 2024. A total solar eclipse swept across a narrow portion of the North American continent from Mexico’s Pacific coast to the Atlantic coast of Newfoundland, Canada. A partial solar eclipse was visible across the entire North American continent along with parts of Central America and Europe.
>> mehr lesen

Astronauts Protect Their Eyes with Eclipse Glasses (Fri, 05 Apr 2024)
NASA astronauts Stephen Bowen, left, Frank Rubio, Warren Hoburg, and UAE (United Arab Emirates) astronaut Sultan Alneyadi, right, pose for a photo wearing solar glasses, Tuesday, March 19, 2024, at the Mary W. Jackson NASA Headquarters building in Washington. Bowen, Hoburg, and Alneyadi spent 186 days aboard the International Space Station as part of Expedition 69; while Rubio set a new record for the longest single spaceflight by a U.S. astronaut, spending 371 days in orbit on an extended mission spanning Expeditions 68 and 69.
>> mehr lesen

Exobiology Deputy Branch Chief Melissa Kirven-Brooks (Thu, 04 Apr 2024)
“… I've just seen such tremendous things happen since I've been part of the Astrobiology Program, and that's why I'm pretty confident we're going to find life elsewhere, because there are just so many brilliant people working on this.” — Melissa Kirven-Brooks, Exobiology Deputy Branch Chief and Future Workforce Lead of the NASA Astrobiology Program, NASA’s Ames Research Center
>> mehr lesen

Carving a Path (Wed, 03 Apr 2024)
What looks like highways going through a metropolitan area are actually a series of glaciers carving their way through the Karakoram mountain range north of the Himalayas. This photograph was taken from the International Space Station as it orbited 263 miles above.
>> mehr lesen

A Home for Astronauts around the Moon (Tue, 02 Apr 2024)
The primary structure of the Gateway space station's HALO (Habitation and Logistics Outpost) module is one step closer to launch following welding completion in Turin, Italy. HALO is one of four Gateway modules where astronauts will live, conduct science, and prepare for lunar surface missions. NASA is partnering with Northrop Grumman and their subcontractor Thales Alenia Space to develop HALO.
>> mehr lesen

Safety First! (Mon, 01 Apr 2024)
Safety is important, no matter where you're viewing the eclipse. NASA astronauts aboard the International Space Station show off their eclipse glasses, which allow safe viewing of the Sun during a solar eclipse.
>> mehr lesen